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Exploring Cannabis Culture: Los Angeles

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I love Los Angeles. I love Hollywood. They’re beautiful. Everybody’s plastic, but I love plastic. I want to be plastic” – Andy Warhol

Next up in our cannabis culture articles, we’re heading over to the land of opportunity: America. More specifically, we’re off to the home of the rich and famous: the city of Los Angeles. The USA has varying views on cannabis, mainly due to the fact that each of its 50 states has their own laws on cannabis legalization. This means that whilst one state might accept cannabis both recreationally and medically, another may not. Today we’re going to be diving into the cannabis laws and pot culture within the state of California, and more specifically, the city of LA; figuring out what cannabis really means there. Remember, cannabis culture isn’t just about laws or the government, it’s about the people. Culture is made by people. So, without more delay, let’s stroll past the Hollywood sign and into the land of LA. 

Whether you’re talking about the US, Europe, or anywhere else in the world, cannabis culture can vary significantly. To learn about laws across the globe, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Los Angeles

Los Angeles, or also referred to as LA if you’re especially cool, is a city in the US state of California. LA has a population of 3.8 million people and is the second biggest city in America. Often when people arrive there, they forget that, and end up having to get an Uber everywhere.  LA is only beaten in size by New York. The city is known worldwide for its celebrities, film and music industry, incredible beaches and, of course, Hollywood. LA is seen probably more on TV than in real life, which makes it quite a surreal place when actually visited. Nonetheless, LA is also home to real people with real lives. In regards to politics, LA is a Democratic safe seat, and has voted in the Democratic Party every year since 1988. The governor of Los Angeles is the Democratic Party member John Bel Edwards. This highlights to liberal attitude of California as a state, which we’ll delve more into later. So is LA a nice place to live? Well, the truth is that LA is like marmite: some people love it, and some people can’t stand it. But let’s take a look at some of its major highlights. 

Hollywood

Marilyn Monroe, one of the greatest singers, performers and actors of the 1950s, said this about Hollywood: “Hollywood is a place where they’ll pay you a thousand dollars for a kiss and fifty cents for your soul.”

Hollywood is a neighbourhood in LA, which is the home of everything related to the entertainment industry: the Oscars awards, Paramount Pictures, star-studded walk of fame and the TCL Chinese Theatre.

Hollywood became a centre of the film industry in the early 1900s because film-makers were free from suing threats there. In addition, it had warm weather and stretching landscapes that are perfect for film locations. Now, Hollywood is still the home of film, and home to some of the most famous celebrities alive.

Music Industry 

LA isn’t just famous for its acting industry, it also is the dream location for all aspiring music artists and is home to some incredible music labels. Not only are there some incredible music companies in LA – such as Live Music, Universal and Sony – but it was also a place where the 90s rap genre really flourished. Artists like Dr Dre, Easy E, Snoop Dogg and all of NWA all came to LA to record and play some of their best music. LA is still very much a hub of entertainment opportunity. 

Beaches 

Los Angeles may have an incredible entertainment industry, but it also has some geographic wonders too. In fact, LA has some of the best beaches in America. Santa Monica, Malibu, Huntington and Redondo are just some of the incredible sun-kissed beaches that LA has to offer. If you get bored of the stressful hustling and bustling of Hollywood, the beautiful beaches will soon calm you down.

Is Cannabis Legal in Los Angeles?

Short answer: yes. Long answer: whilst some laws are universal in America, most differ from state to state; and there are 50 of them, so that’s a lot of potentially varied laws

There are actually two different sets of laws; federal laws and state laws. … Constitutional law permits each state to create and enforce additional laws for their state. Each state is considered sovereign and has the power to create laws as needed. Each state is considered unique with its own characteristics.”

In America, their cannabis policy revolves around the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, which states that the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under any circumstance. However, this is not the case in some states. One of these cannabis-accepting states being: California. The act splits all drugs into five ‘schedules’. 

The 5 Schedules

Schedule I

  • This includes: cannabis, LSD, heroin and ecstacy.
  • This is the most serious schedule, as the law-maker believes these are the most addictive and most likely to be abused. 

Schedule II

  • These include: cocaine and mephedrone.

Schedule III

  • These include: ketamine and anabolic steroids. 

Schedule IV

  • These include: xanax and valium.

Schedule V

  • These include: lomotil and motofen. 

However, despite cannabis being part of the Schedule I group, it’s still legal recreationally in 18 states, and medically in 37. How can this be? This is because these specific states have passed cannabis reform bills that have bypassed federal law. California is one of those states. In California, cannabis has been legal medically since 1996, and recreationally since 2021. 

The Specific Cannabis Laws in LA

Since June 2021, recreational cannabis is legal in California. Since then, the law states that

“You must be 21 or older to have, purchase or use recreational cannabis. This includes smoking, vaping and eating cannabis-infused products. You may possess 28.5 grams of cannabis plant material (about an ounce) and 8 grams of concentrated cannabis. It is illegal to give or sell retail cannabis to minors.”

As you can see, California is rivaling Amsterdam with its cannabis laws. It seems like yet another weed-topia. However, as we’ve mentioned countless times, cannabis culture isn’t about the laws, it’s about the people. So what do the people of LA think of cannabis, and what are their lives like with all cannabis now becoming legalized. 

The City’s General Attitude To Cannabis 

The state of California has a population of 40 million people and it was recorded that California produced 13.5 million pounds of cannabis. That’s almost half a gram for each individual living there. This just goes to show how much cannabis is being produced and enjoyed in California and, more specifically, Los Angeles. The city champions its laid back attitude and cool aesthetic, which is only improved by legal cannabis. Like Amsterdam, LA is another perfect model for any city that one day wishes to also legalize recreational cannabis. But let’s take a look at how cannabis affects day to day life. 

Cannabis Dispensaries

Cannabis dispensaries, like coffeeshops in Amsterdam, are places where Americans can purchase recreational cannabis. There are now over 1000 cannabis dispensaries and definitely more on the way. This has created many jobs in Los Angeles. In fact, the cannabis industry in Los Angeles has made $3.1 billion in sales since 2019. This makes LA the highest cannabis-selling state in America. This also highlights how lucrative the cannabis dispensary industry is in America, and how much the American people utilise it. 

Beach Lifestyle

As you’ve realised, the beach lifestyle in Los Angeles is part of the culture and the way of life. The relaxation, the water, perhaps even the surfing; it’s all part of a meditative lifestyle. As you can imagine, beach culture also goes hand-in-hand with cannabis culture. Los Angeles is full of weed-enthusiasts who chill out at the beach, converse, listen to music and promote a relaxed way of living. It’s good to know that whilst there’s the hectic entertainment industry, with its money and fame, there’s also a parallel universe of hippies enjoying cannabis with the sound of the ocean. From one extreme to the next – that’s Los Angeles for you.

Tourism

Just like Amsterdam, cannabis tourism is rife in Los Angeles. That’s not just Americans escaping their state where cannabis is illegal, but also people from across the water. There are tours, cannabis crawls, multiple strains of cannabis; the place is built for weed tourism. This brings with it a traveller culture, and more diversity. Lots of people, from many walks of life, all with the same love for the marijuana plant. 

Conclusion

There you have it, cannabis culture in Los Angeles. Places like LA are seriously testing the waters for the future of cannabis-accepting cities, and the world will thank them in time to come.  Like Amsterdam did before in, LA is leading the charge and may one day be part of a United States of America where all states have fully legalised cannabis. But in the meantime, whilst we wait, why not go check out the cannabis culture in Los Angeles for yourself?

Hello and welcome… Thanks for joining us at CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for the most intriguing and thought-provoking cannabis and psychedelics-related news of today. Stop by daily to get your fix in this constantly-changing universe of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletter, to ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advice, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.





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Snortable Shrooms: The New Magic Mushroom Nasal Spray

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Magic mushrooms are taking center stage as research points in the direction of the fungus’s many mental-health boosting qualities. Though tea’s, and eating raw mushrooms have been the norm, new technology will let you snort your shrooms with a new biopharma-made magic mushroom nasal spray.

A decade ago, the idea of a magic mushroom nasal spray would have been laughed at and rejected. Now it’s something that will likely be on store shelves whenever possible. We specialize in reporting on the expanding cannabis and psychedelics fields. Follow along by signing up to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, and make sure you’re in first place for all new product promotions, as they begin to come out. We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


What’s the news?

A couple weeks ago, reports surfaced of Israel biopharma company Madrigal Mental Care’s new magic mushroom nasal spray. The new device was recently unleashed at the Biomed Israel Life Science and HealthTech conference in Tel Aviv, which is an international conference that took place earlier in May. The device is geared toward treating those with PTSD, and provides exact dosing via a nasal inhaler that goes inside the nostril.

The nasal spray is a nano-technology based delivery system, which can deliver nanoparticles of psychedelic medicines like psilocybin, more directly to the brain, without going through the digestive tract. The medicinal molecules are encapsulated in nanoparticles, which themselves are biodegradable, and break down in the body to release the medicine. The nasal inhaler can be used for more than just magic mushrooms, and is spoken about for use with ketamine, mescaline, and MDMA as well.

Stated cofounder and chairman of Madrigal, David Gabay, this system makes for “a significant advantage over common practices in terms of stability and accuracy.” He continued about current trials: “We are currently beginning preclinical trials with rodents with the aim of achieving efficacy and safety approvals in order to begin first-in-human clinical trials next year.”

nasal spray

The device was designed by Prof. Amnon Sintov of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev’s biomedical engineering department. He said, “An increasing number of studies point to the advantages of using psychedelic drugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as PTSD, depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, and even addiction, with low doses.”

He went on, “Due to their powerful effect on the human brain, it is imperative to be able to deliver these drugs in a safe manner and in precise doses.” The current non-human trials are being carried out with psilocybin, led by Prof. Shimon Ben-Shabat from Ben Gurion’s department of biochemistry and pharmacology.

The technology which was developed at Ben Gurion University, was licensed to Madrigal by Ben Gurion University’s tech transfer company, called BGN Technologies.

Is this the first of its kind?

Actually no. This is not the first magic mushroom nasal spray announced. The first one came out several years ago in 2019. At that time, Silo Wellness out of Oregon created its own magic mushroom nasal spray for use with PTSD and depression. The device was developed in Jamaica, where magic mushrooms are legal and openly sold, and provides for metered dosing of the active component psilocybin.

At the time, according to board advisor Becky Rotterman, “Many psilocybin patients, particularly women, complain of upset stomach or vomiting when taking high-doses of mushrooms… We want to bring this wonderful natural medicine first to Oregon and then the flyover states – to those who would be afraid to eat a handful of fungi and who feel more comfortable seeing their medicine in a familiar delivery modality, such as a metered-dose nasal spray.”

While this certainly doesn’t say much for what a person expects treatment to look like, or the implication that people are actually happier with what looks like a pharmaceutical, over what looks like nature, this nasal inhaler marked the first of its kind concerning the delivery of psilocybin nasally.

psilocybin mushrooms

Mike Arnold, the founder of Silo Wellness, said he created the device after his first experience with psilocybin, in an effort to make it easier for people who don’t have the luxury of benefiting from a medical setting, for their experience.

“I couldn’t help to think how fortunate I was to have an actual physician take me on my first trip rather than ‘some guy’ I know, but I realized that most first-time users don’t have that luxury,” he said. “I reached out to my long-time colleague from the marijuana space, brilliant inventor Michael Hartman, and we agreed that we need to be able to give patients predictable dosing so they can self-titrate into the desired levels of sub-psychedelic or psychedelic treatment.”

He concluded, “We solved the age-old problem with plant- and fungus-based medicine: How do you know how much is a dose? How do you avoid taking too much, like the cannabis edibles dilemma? We also managed to solve one of the common complaints of some mushroom users: taste and upset stomach.”

Much like with Madrigal, this first news story was more a press release for the product’s existence, than a new product offering. Since that time, Silo has established a patent for its product in June of 2020. The company is patiently waiting for regulation on the new magic mushroom industry to be released in Oregon, so it can begin dispensing its product. While it waits, it promotes its Marley One non-psychedelic mushroom product line.

Other applications

Now we know that magic mushroom nasal spray is a thing, but how else can magic mushrooms be taken? We know that smoking them isn’t terribly effective because psilocybin breaks down in heat. Though some say they may have felt something (not the most convincing of statements), others complained of feeling sick, or just simply being disappointed.

This also makes it necessary to make teas out of mushroom powder in order to retain the effects, considering the thermal lability of psilocybin in heat. Drinking it as tea is similar to eating a mushroom, in that it still goes through the digestive tract.

magic mushroom tea

Skin applications are also growing in popularity. Though mushroom products on the market now don’t have psilocybin, due to regulation, there are a bunch of interesting products taking advantage of other medical benefits of non-psychedelic mushrooms. I expect when legalizations do come through, these companies will be quick to incorporate compounds currently illegal for use, into their products. Unlike eating raw mushrooms or drinking tea, skin products bypass the digestive tract.

So far, injecting these compounds isn’t really a thing, though it has been mentioned in some studies. Many compounds are more easily absorbed when taken via IV or IM administration, but this doesn’t mean everything works this way. It is quite possible that as research continues, we may start hearing about mushroom injections in the future. For now, best to focus on forms of administration that are already cleared as safe for use.

Skin patches

The other application getting a lot of attention right now are magic mushroom skin patches. There are different models under testing and they come in different forms. Skin patches are a basic mode of medication delivery that are used for a range of things from pain management, to birth control administration, to help removing warts. The basic idea is that there’s some kind of adhesive, with medicine within or around it, that gets absorbed into the skin over time, making for an even dose over many hours.

A couple companies are already creating magic mushroom skin patches in this way. Nova Mentis (NOVA) and Mycrodose teamed up to produce skin patches particularly for the genetic condition fragile X syndrome. Ei.Ventures and Tioga research also partnered up and are getting in on the action, with their psilocybin skin patches meant for transdermal delivery of psilocybin, as well as other psychedelic compounds.

However, even this standard model is under construction. The Terasaki Institute for Biomedical Innovation (TIBI) recently partnered with Pharma Ther, Inc. (PHRM) to create microneedle patches. These patches differ in that they contain tons of microneedles on the surface layer that penetrate the skin to leave the medicine within. These patches are made of a gelatinous substance, and are currently under investigation for use with MDMA, LSD, DMT, psilocybin, and ketamine delivery.

Conclusion

It’s always cool to see something new and technologically advanced come out. And it’s always useful to have better treatment options. In the next few years, we should see tons of applications involving magic mushroom usage in products like nasal spray, skin patches, skin creams, and possibly more. We’ll just have to wait to see how far this goes.

Thanks for joining us! You’ve made it to CBDtesters.co / Cannadelics.com, your top internet spot for comprehensive independent coverage of the new and growing cannabis and psychedelics fields. Join us daily for a dose of industry news, and subscribe to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, to stay updated on everything important going on.





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Publicly Traded: Which Psychedelics Companies Completed An IPO

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The world of investment is a big place with a ton of offerings. In the last few years, a new genre of company has been added to the list of possible corporations to invest in. Yup, there are now a plethora of publicly traded psychedelics companies, and they’re all just getting started.

The world of publicly traded companies is always expanding, and now includes psychedelics companies. This was unheard of just a few years ago! We’re a news platform specializing in the psychedelics and cannabis industries, and the important stories within. Keep up with us by signing up for The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, and also be first in line for all product promotions, as they come out in the upcoming months.


What is an IPO?

There are different kinds of businesses. Some are small and operated by one person. Some are massive and span several continents, with thousands of employees. The latter, though it could be a private company, is most likely publicly traded.

A publicly traded company is one that sells its shares on a stock exchange, like the New York Stock Exchange, or the London Stock Exchange. The stocks reach the exchange via an initial public offering, or IPO, which is the opening sail of a company’s shares. Through the IPO, anyone in the general public can purchase a portion of the company, meaning that it’s not owned by a single person or group, but by whoever owns its shares. One of the benefits of doing this, is the ability to get capital together for expansion. One of the deficits, is losing control of a private company to a group of shareholders.

Public companies generally have a CEO and board of directors, as well as shareholders. Who holds the most power can vary between organizations. Decisions can be made by the board, which is generally made up of high level executives, or the shareholders by way of voting. All public companies are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission, under the eye of the PCAOB (Public Company Accounting Oversight Board).

IPO publicly traded companies

If a company does not go public, its control is retained by the smaller number of owners or investors that it has, and decisions are made at the behest of this smaller group. In some cases it’s a single person making these decisions. In some cases, a private company can be very large, like Cargill, the largest privately held company in the US, which boasts a staff of 113,000.

Anyone legally able with enough money can purchase shares of a publicly traded company on whatever exchange it exists on. For example, the biggest exchange for stocks in America is the New York Stock Exchange. But there are also other exchanges like the Nasdaq for buying and selling securities, and exchanges in other countries like Euronext, the EU’s biggest exchange.

One aspect of publicly traded companies is that they must report certain financial information to both the government and investors. This is not the same for private companies, which don’t have to release as much information, and can be more secretive about overall earnings. For some industries that hover mainly in the black or gray markets, there isn’t always much data released, and its through the reporting of public companies that we get any sales information at all. The cannabinoid market is a great example of this.

Since publicly traded companies are more closely regulated by federal agencies, they must be tax-paying companies, operating above-board. They might employ shady tactics, but they can’t be black market companies. As such, in order for publicly traded psychedelics companies to exist, they must not sell products or services that are federally illegal.

Publicly traded psychedelics companies

Psychedelics are making a huge comeback in light of study after study showing their benefits for both a myriad of psychological issues, as well as pain. In fact, psychedelic medications are now repeatedly showing up standard pharmaceutical remedies in both avenues, with the drug ketamine (and its legalized counterpart esketamine) taking the lead, highlighting the ability for better depression and pain management. This is especially important because of the ongoing and increasingly bad opioid epidemic which claims tens of thousands of lives a year.

Other compounds like psilocybin and MDMA are getting close to legalizations as well on a federal level. In fact, the FDA has helped structure trials with more than one company studying these compounds, to ensure trial results meet all regulation. The FDA also issued ‘Breakthrough Therapy’ status to three companies studying MDMA and psilocybin, in order to get their drugs to market faster.

FDA

One organization that received such treatment is MAPS – (Multidisciplinary Association of Psychedelic Studies) which is currently in Phase III trials into MDMA for PTSD. MAPS, however is not a corporation, but a non-profit group. Another organization that received this help from the FDA is COMPASS Pathways (CMPS) which is researching psilocybin for treatment resistant depression. COMPASS Pathways is a publicly traded psychedelics company on the Nasdaq and New York Stock Exchanges.

Other companies that join COMPASS on these two exchanges, include Field Trip Health, Inc. (TSE), one of the biggest operators of ketamine clinics; MindMed (MMED), a Swiss biotech company investigating how LSD and MDMA can be used in combination; and Atai Life Sciences (BMV), a company that acquires business in the psychedelics space, and which is one of the psychedelics company with the greatest market capital in 2022, topping $860 million. As of October 2021, there were at least nine publicly traded psychedelics companies on both the Nasdaq and NYSE.

OTC Exchange

However, some publicly traded psychedelics companies are traded elsewhere. In fact, the majority reside on the OTC Markets Group, which includes the OTCQX (highest tier), and OTCQB (mid-tier). Companies that show up here include Pharma Ther (PHRM) which is developing microneedle psilocybin skin patches for medical purposes. Mindset Pharma (MSET) which is working on psilocybin analogues, which are stronger than the standard compound. Delic Holdings Corp (DELC), another chain of ketamine clinics that just bought out Ketamine Wellness Centers Arizona LLC, with major expansion plans.

Then there’s Wesana Health Holdings (WESA), a developer of neurological health therapies, which announced in summer 2021 its acquisition of Psychedelitech, Inc. And Nova Mentis (NOVA), a company in the psilocybin skin patches space, working in conjunction with Mycrodose. All together, as of October 2021, there were at least 27 publicly traded psychedelics companies on the two top tiers of this exchange.

The lowest tier of the OTC exchange is called the Pink Open Market, and several more psychedelics companies reside here. One such company is Levitee Labs (LVT), which joined the Exchange in 2021, and is a producer of mushrooms and associated products. Another is Small Pharma (DMT), which is currently conducting the world’s first official DMT trials into depression along with Imperial College London. Another is Red Light Holland (TRIP), a Netherlands company that sells truffles in the legal market in the Netherlands. And Numinous (NUMI), a wellness company specializing in holistic treatments with psychedelic medicines. Altogether, as of late 2021, at least 14 companies were on this tier of the exchange.

Non-US exchanges

On the international stage, one of the biggest publicly traded psychedelics companies is Jazz Pharmaceuticals (JAZZ) out of Ireland, a Nasdaq company which announced its acquisition of GW Pharma in 2021. GW is a British pharmaceutical company and the maker of leading pharma medicines epidiolex and Sativex, the reason that the UK is one of the biggest cannabis exporters in the world.

public companies

Other companies not necessarily based around the US exchanges include Clarify Pharma (PSYC), a British company which is an investment platform that promotes psychedelic medicines, and which can be found on the Aquis Growth Market for equity and debt securities. Neon Mind (NEON) a Vancouver-based company working on psilocybin weight loss treatments, which resides on the Canadian Securities Exchange. And Graph Blockchain (GBLC), a blockchain company out of British Columbia, which recently acquired mushroom company Shroom Streets, making for a marriage between tech and treatment. This company can also be found on the Canadian Securities Exchange.

For those interested in private and public psychedelic investments, this list contains both companies in their respective spaces. For those interested in investing in private companies, and have the ability to do so, its best to contact the individual companies to speak with their management as shares are not open to the general public. For the right investors, private companies are great opportunities, though they won’t apply to most of the investing world.

Conclusion

If the idea is investment, interested investors should go through the publicly traded psychedelics companies to find the ones that best suit their investment needs. As a dynamic industry with many moving pieces, the landscape is sure to change soon enough, and those getting in on the action, would be wise to keep their eye on daily changes to promote safe and profitable investments. If you’re still unsure about investing in this marketplace, give it more time, and see if its any more appealing in a few months, or a year, from now.

Hello and welcome! Thanks for making it over to CBDtesters.co / Cannadelics.com, your top spot for fully-rounded independent news covering the expanding cannabis and psychedelics fields. Join us whenever possible to keep updated on these dynamic landscapes, and head over to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, for your daily dose of industry news.





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Isle of Man to Build £100 Million Cultivation Facility

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Isle of Man doesn’t get spoken of much because it’s a tiny little place. However, there are some pretty big plans underway in this tiny little place. If all goes to plan, Peel NRE will make Isle of Man the building site for a massive medical cannabis cultivation facility.

Will Isle of Man become the new cannabis cultivation center of the world? Hard to say just yet, but its size and location make it a great place for the UK to produce medical cannabis. We’re a news platform focusing on the emerging cannabis and psychedelics fields. Stay current by signing up for the THC Weekly Newsletter, and also put yourself first in line for deals on a collection of cannabis products from vapes and edibles, to smoking paraphernalia. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


Isle of Man

When looking at a map, it’s clear that between England and Ireland, there’s a small island. This small island isn’t technically a part of either England or Ireland, and is self-governed, while also being a British Crown Dependency. This is an odd contradiction, because Isle of Man is actually not a part of either the UK, or the British Overseas Territories, but there is a dependency relationship on the UK, which keeps it from being an entirely sovereign country.

For this reason, Isle of Man is not a part of the Commonwealth of Nations, but is a member of the British-Irish Council. This can create gray area when it comes to passing legislation. Technically, the Queen-in-Council (the ruling monarch in the presence of an executive committee) has the final word, but generally legislation doesn’t change without consent from the island nation itself.

Isle of Man does have its own legislative assembly, and has plenty of power to self-govern on local matters, so long as the crown approves. The head of this government is called the chief minister, and the reigning monarch is considered the Lord of Mann. The Lord of Mann is represented on the island by a lieutenant governor. Isle of Man doesn’t have its own military, and depends on the UK for defense measures.

Isle of Man

The island has been inhabited by people since 6,500 BC, and has been a center for Gaelic culture since the 5th century AD when Irish missionaries settled on it. As of a 2021 census, there are approximately 84,000 people living on the island, with over 26,000 residing in the capital city of Douglas. The island is about 32 miles long (52km), 14 miles at its widest point (22km), and covers about 221 square miles (572km2).

Isle of Man cultivation facility

In February, 2022, the company Peel NRE, released an outline for a massive medical cannabis cultivation facility on the Isle of Man. This cultivation facility would be adjacent to a new research campus, also to be built in the Braddan area. The plans are only a proposal for now, and the company requested opinions from the public about its plans.

According to Chris Eves, the finance director for the project, the cultivation buildings will be atmospherically-controlled, and will produce highly potent cannabis specifically for the medical industry. He explained in terms of timing, that there was “never a better time to grow the industry than the post-pandemic era”. He went on to explain that there would be comprehensive security measures involved for both the research and cultivation facilities.

He also pointed out that the creation of these facilities would mean jobs for locals. These opportunities for employment, as well as education, are all in the vein of both high-tech, and scientific research. Currently, interviews are being held to find operators for the facilities, who will need to apply for licenses upon hire.

How did this come about?

The Isle of Man plans for a medical cannabis cultivation facility are pretty extensive. So how did this all come about? And why there specifically? We’ll start with why there specifically. As it happens, Isle of Man is the home to billionaire John Whittaker, the chairman for the Peel Group, which is a property company based in England. ‘Peel NRE’, the company making the plans, is a part of the Peel Group. Thus, this project is being conducted where the Peel Group operates most, in the UK.

The reason for this to happen now, apart from it being a good time post-pandemic to get in on it, is that laws recently changed in the country. Isle of Man never legalized use of cannabis for residents, but it did legalize the cultivation, production, and exportation of products in June of 2021. According to Laurence Skelly, the Enterprise Minister, this move makes for a “significant opportunity for economic development”.

medical cannabis

He went on to say, “The new regulatory framework and guidance will offer stringent and flexible licensing of a broad range of cannabis products, which ranges from outdoor grown industrial hemp to indoor grown medicinal products.” As of a 2019 public consultation, about 95% of the residents of the island are onboard with growing medical cannabis there. According to the new legislation, the Gambling Supervision Commission is the body responsible for regulating this new industry.

The country isn’t trying to leave out its own population, and the Health Department is currently going over ways to allow the import of cannabis medicines, as well as providing medications for those who hold prescriptions from UK doctors. Whether this part will actually go through is less sure. What is for sure, is that the governance of the Isle of Man, definitely wants to get in on the weed cultivation and exportation game.

For now, this project by Peel NRE is only meant to grow for the pharmaceutical market. There is no global market for exporting recreational cannabis at the moment, so any country that wants to get in on the industry, must do it with medical cannabis until that changes. With more countries becoming legal for recreational use, that change will likely happen soon enough, but isn’t relative until it does. It’s expected that later this year Peel NRE will officially submit a planning application. This project, assuming it goes through, could create one of the biggest cannabis cultivation facilities in the world.

The UK and cannabis

Isle of Man straddles the line of being an independent nation and a dependent state to the UK. As it legislatively is tied to the UK, the UK’s position in the cannabis world is important. In both the regular UK and the Isle of Man, cannabis is illegal for recreational use, but legal (to some degree) for medicinal use. Though Isle of Man is only now getting that part together, the UK legalized medical cannabis in 2018 with a doctor’s prescription.

What’s interesting about this, is that the UK is also one of the biggest global exporters of legal cannabis. Part of the reason for this, is that the UK is home to GW Pharmaceutical, which is one of the biggest cannabis pharma companies in existence. In 2016, for example, the UK produced 95 tons of medical cannabis, excluding hemp products. This amounted to 44.9% of the global total for that year. It exported 2.1 tons of this, which amounted to 67.7% of global exports for that year.

On the other hand, while that sounds like a lot, it barely compares to the exports of two other countries. Morocco holds the largest illegal export market, which exported approximately 36,000 tons of cannabis resin in 2017. China holds the largest legal hemp export market, though specific numbers are not reported on.

Isle of Man cultivation

What is known, is that just domestically, the hemp market is expected to bring in over $1 billion annually, and that when it comes to cannabis oils, China topped the list in 2019, exporting 33.4% of all cannabis oil exported on a global level. The cannabis industry is a dynamic place, though, and these numbers outdate themselves quickly.

In recent years, things have shifted on the international stage, with numbers for exports increasing, and Canada taking the lead for legal marijuana exports. In 2020, Canada exported some 15.6 tons of dried cannabis flower and about 7.3 kilos of oils and extracts. It is still expected, however, that the UK exports the most actual cannabis medicine in the form of Epidiolex and Sativex, as they are products of GW Pharmaceutical.

Conclusion

It’s not uncommon for towns and cities to sprout up around large factories or other businesses. Sometimes entire towns exist of employees to an operation. Since Isle of Man is small, it could very well turn into a cultivation country, with the majority of residents involved in the cannabis industry. We’ll let you know more, as the story unravels.

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